Active vibration control is the active application of force in an equal and opposite fashion to the forces imposed by external vibration. An active system is necessary for lowweight adaptive vibration reduction system. Vibration control of active structures springerlink. Vibration control of space structures has been a challenging problem since the beginning of space travel. Active control of vibration pdf free download epdf. There has been a great deal of theoretical work and some experiment examining the use of point forces for vibration control, and more recently, the use of thin piezoelectric crystals laminated to the surfaces of structures.
There are several studies on active vibration control of space structures where collocated control methods are widely used. It summarizes the principles underlying active vibration control and its practical applications by combining material from vibrations, mechanics, signal processing, acoustics, and control theory. Before considering such active vibroacoustic control systems in a later chapter, we. Innovation in active vibration control strategy of. The paper presents sufficiently a recognizable advance in knowledge of active vibration control in intelligent structures. They are used to improve operational parameters or reduce the noise and vibration of the structures. Vibration control is aimed at reducing or modifying the vibration level of a mechanical structure. Active vibration control in a specific zone of smart structures. Pdf to effectively suppress the lowfrequency vibration of a thinplate, the strategy adopted is to develop a modelbased approach to the. As a result, semiactive control methods appear to combine the best.
Optimal design of complex passivedamping systems for. A solutions manual is available through the publisher to teachers using this book as a textbook. Control strategies based on semiactive devices appear to combine the best features. Achieving maximum resolution from a research microscope is possible with a herzan active vibration control platform the avi and ts series. In earthquake engineering, vibration control is a set of technical means aimed to mitigate seismic impacts in building and nonbuilding structures. In the paper an observerbased controller with a lmibased filter against windinduced motion for highrise buildings by c. In a narrow sense, coherent active control of sound and vibration is the cancel. Passiveactive vibration control of flexible structures drs. In this study a generalized formulation of modal space control is proposed for three dimensions. Vibration control of active structures, an introduction, kluwer, second edition, 2002. Recently, ppf control has overshadowed other collocated methods enhanced by some other. This text is an introduction to the dynamics of active structures and to the feedback control of lightly damped flexible structures. Visit for state specific information including ohios.
Study on passive andor active vibration control for. The flexible structures that make up these systems pose a great problem for vibration control. Modelling and control techniques of an active vibration. Active vibration control avc has gained some level of acceptance in civil engineering applications. In some applications, active isolation systems like the table stable systems available from herzan can deliver the required performance, while passive isolation systems are adequate for applications which are not so sensitive. Solid mechanics and its applications vibration control of active structures an introduction fourth edition. Placement of control devices for passive, semiactive, and. Lightweight components and certain materials however, are susceptible to vibrations. An introduction to active vibration control systems for. Stable active vibration control system for building. Isolation systems such as active vibration control systems, also referred as active vibration cancellation or active vibration isolation, react dynamically in response to incoming vibrations instead of passively decreasing the impact of vibrations by means of their mechanical structure feedback and feedforward are the two types of active vibration cancellation system.
Ghorbanitanha 2 1school of civil engineering, university of tehran p. Dynamic responses and active vibration control of beam structures under a traveling mass 3 easy steps to complete the course. System identification and active vibration control of a. Proceedings of the 19th world congress the international federation of automatic control cape town, south africa. The active mass dampers are very effective control devices for highrise buildings, to suppress vibrations under strong winds. Active control publications engineering university of. The integration of advanced active and passive structural.
I wanted to keep it relatively simple and focused on systems which worked. Passive vibration control solutions like tuned vibration absorbers are often limited to tackle a single structural resonance or a specific disturbance frequency. Active control of vibration, 1st edition eprints soton. At that time, there was a tremendous interest in large space structures in the usa, mainly because of the strategic defense initiative and the space station program. Passive tuned mass damper tmd is widely used to control structural vibration. Vibration control through passive constrained layer. Control devices such as tuned mass dampers have been used in real structures, the most widely used controller for use in tall buildings is the linear quadratic regulator, lqr. More advanced technology and materials in industry lead to the implementation of lightweight components in order for miniaturization and efficiency.
Download fulltext pdf vibration control of active structures. Pdf active vibration control of thinplate structures with partial. System identification and active vibration control of a flexible structure. On the vibration behavior study of a nonlinear flexible. Journal of vibration and control modeling and active. Study on passive andor active vibration control for flexible structures by qinghua chen florida international university, 1995 professor cesar levy, major professor the purpose of this research is to present new methods of active and passive vibration control for flexible structures. There is a vast literature dealing with the design of active control laws for large space structures which addresses issues such as vibration suppression, pointing and tracking. Passiveactive vibration control of flexible structures.
There have been many efforts to control flexible structures in the past, but some efforts have used passive of active linear control methods which assumed that the parameters of the system are known 6,7,8. A vibration control strategy for multicomponent structures has been developed in which the structural components are actively damped beam members. This book is intended for structural engineers who want to acquire some background in vibration control. The damping is modeled using the ghm method and the system is analyzed in the time domain. Active control of noise and vibration crc press book. Control strategies are presented, such as the linear quadratic control theory, as well as more advanced theories, such as robust control theory.
Vibration and control in structures under single and. Vibration control, semiactive tuned mass damper, variable. Vibration control of active structures an introduction. Active control of vibration university of adelaide. An introduction chapter pdf available in meccanica 962 april 1999 with 2,159 reads. One of the reasons for actively controlling the vibration of a structure may be to reduce its sound radiation. The passivedamping systems so obtained combine the simplicity and robustness of passive control systems with the effectiveness of active feedback control systems1012.
Now in its third edition, more chapters have been added, and comments and feedback from readers have been taken into account, while at the same time. Treating the active control of both sound and vibration in a unified way, this second edition of active control of noise and vibration continues to combine coverage of fundamental principles with the most recent theoretical and practical developments. My objective in writing this book was to cross the bridge between the structural dynamics and control communities, while providing an overview of the potential of smart materials for sensing and actuating purposes in active vibration c trol. The control was conducted point by point on the transient response model of the structure and can easily be extended to a real life system. Many precision industrial processes cannot take place if the machinery is being affected by vibration. This book is intended for structural engineers who want to acquire some background in vibration control, and for control engineers who are dealing with flexible structures. Contrary to passive methods dampers, shock mounts for machines, acoustic packing, various foams, etc. Prefaceover the last decade there has been much work concemed with the active control of vibrations of flexible struct.
Active vibration control test results 600 1 000 n range 200 n range sensors to monitor the residual vibrations control unit to drive the actuators active isolators actuators to generate the counter vibrations products65707580859095 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 active o. The role of the active system is to reduce building vibration. It is also possible to combine these two modeling techniques as it is concerned in. These components are arranged in a closedloop depicted in figure 7. Modal space control is used for large flexible aerospace structures due to the advantage of reducing the complexity of control system. Active seismic control is comparatively newest invention in the field of seismic control systems that applies a three dimensional network of counterbalancing hydraulic operated weights. A host of the researchers have used the approach of modal sensor and modal actuator 45 for active vibration control but in this paper, the vibration control is achieved by using direct feedback.
Passive, adaptive, active vibration control, and integrated. In studies where passive vibration control or active linear vibration control has been explored, the most important. This papers deals with the modelling and control techniques of such an active vibration isolation. The vibration isolation performance for both platforms is made possible by its unique technology, consisting of piezoelectric sensors, actuators, and control electronics. Active control of vibration in structures has been investigated by an increasing number of researchers in recent years. Each active element consists of a piezoelectric accelerometer, an analog control circuit, an electromagnetic transducer and a spring. Pdf solid mechanics and its applications vibration. Active vibration control techniques flexible space. The reader should not conclude that active will always be better and that a control system can compensate for a bad design. This paper discusses the control of single floor seismically excited structures using active mass damper. This book is a companion text to active control of sound by p. Vibration control of active structures solid mechanics. Semiactive controllers combine the desirable features of both active. Vibration control in earthquake engineering is a set of technical means aimed to mitigate seismic impacts in building and nonbuilding structures for enhancing their seismic fitness.
It can be used as a textbook for a graduate course on vibration control or active structures. Approaches such as lqr, lqg, h2 and hinfinity control are commonly found in research works focused on cancelling excessive vibrations due. Also, active seismic control system needs an emergency power source to ensure that it will be operable during a major earthquake and any immediate aftershocks. Revised, expanded, and updated information in every chapter. Low frequency resonance problems are common in all passive vibration isolation systems.
Each component is mart in the sense that it is an active vibration control system which is autonomous of all other structural components. Keywords active vibration control, coupling model, fem, fxlms algorithm, optimal configuration 1. Comparison of passive and active vibration isolation systems. All seismic vibration control devices may be classified as passive, active or hybrid where. The emphasis of the book is on the active control of waves in. In most cases, a bad design will remain bad, active or not, and an active solution should normally be considered. A number of successful implementations can be found of avc on civil engineering structures using inertial actuators. By optimizing on the performance and control effort for both the active and passive case, it is shown that this treatment is capable of lower control effort with more inherent damping, and is therefore a better approach to damp vibration. Vibration control of active structures an introduction andre. Active vibration control is a vast research area that incor. In this paper the superiority of integrated and optimized passive and active vibration control methods in the design of lightweight structures is investigated. Some issues in active vibration control of smart structures.220 559 1048 1456 734 403 821 1616 1255 1006 1412 496 4 201 91 1125 285 147 142 760 884 427 529 592 1005 134 10 1376 590 1485 1332 1458